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Time and Date 10/23/2020 12:15-13:15 (Registration opens at 12:00)
Speaker Charles CRABTREE
Assistant Professor, Department of Government, Dartmouth College
Commentator Yoshikuni Ono
Faculty Fellow, RIETI / Professor of Political Science, Faculty of Political Science and Economics, Waseda University
Commentator & Moderator
Moderator WATANABE Tetsuya
Vice President, RIETI
Language(s) English
Admission Free
Closing date for registration Please register by 10/22/2020.
Memo *If you quote from the seminar, please let us know.
Abstract Democratic governments around the world have taken dramatic steps to halt the spread of COVID-19. These steps have prevented new infections and deaths, but they have also entailed unprecedented restrictions on civil liberties. Navigating this tradeoff between security and liberty is particularly difficult for democracies because they need to maintain public support for their policies and are constrained by their constitutions. We administered surveys to nationally representative samples in five economically advanced democracies—Israel, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and the United States—and one autocracy--China--to assess the extent to which the public supports liberty restrictions designed to combat COVID-19. We found consistent and widespread support for policies restricting civil liberties across all three countries. We also experimentally manipulated information about (1) the constitutionality of these policies and (2) the infections they would prevent, finding evidence that respondents’ support for restrictions on civil liberties may depend more on their effectiveness than their legality.
Profile of speaker(s) Charles Crabtree is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Government at Dartmouth College. He received a BA from the University of Colorado; MAs from Northwestern University, Pennsylvania State University, and the University of Michigan; and a PhD in political science from the University of Michigan in 2019. His research focuses on fairness in politics, with applications to the study of discrimination, repression, human rights, and immigration. Specifically, he examines under what circumstances political actors and institutions treat members of the public differently based on their political views or personal demographics, and how the public views differential treatment. Understanding this is important as perceptions of fairness are fundamental to public evaluations of institutional legitimacy across regimes. Methodologically, he is interested in research design, experiments, and using computational tools to better understand the social world. He has published work on these topics in the American Journal of Political Science, the British Journal of Political Science, the Journal of Politics [2], and Political Analysis, among other journals.
Host(s) Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI)
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